Wejchert, K - "'Water Portraits': Colour Photographs of Reflections on Water Surfaces and an Audio-Visual Programme Based on Them",
Leonardo, vol 14, no 3, Summer 1981, pp 216-217.
Wells, A - "Music and Visual Color: A Proposed Correlation",
Leonardo, vol 13, no 2, Spring 1980, pp 101‑107.
"La Partie Carrée" (detail),
J-A Watteau, 1713.
Ignorant of the Truth within himself,
the fool is infatuated with books, like the
dull-witted shepherd who searches for a
goat in the well when it is in its enclosure.
--°-- Verbal knowledge is of no use for
overcoming the delusions of the world,
just as darkness does not cease to exist
merely by talking about a lamp.
De Clario, D - "Seven-ness:sub-lunar" program notes,
Heide Museum of Modern Art, Heidelburg, Vic, April-Oct 1995
"Advantage of Seven" exhibition notes,
Monash University Gallery, Clayton, Vic, April 1997
Domenico de Clario - recorded music
Gunn, G - "The Magnificent Seven: the Imaginary Worlds of Domenico de Clario",
Art and Australia, vol 34, no 3, Autumn 1997, pp 364-371.
Heline, C - "The Harp of David",
New Age Bible Interpretation, vol II,
The New Age Bible Center, Santa Monica.
"Healing and Regeneration through Color/Music",
DeVorss & Co, California, 1983.
AND "Color and Music in the New Age",
DeVorss & Co, California, 8th ed, 1980.
Mengoli, P - "Speculationi di Musica", Bologna 1670,
especially Spec 16: 105-113 & table, pp 110-115. [PDF in Italian, 14.3 MB]
Mueller, R M - "Visic: A Proposal for a True Color Music",
Leonardo, vol 32, no 3. 1999, pp 177‑179.
Newton, I - "Opticks: or, Treatise of the Reflexions, Refractions, Inflexions and Colours of Light",
Sam Smith & Benj. Walford, London, 1704, 1st edition;
Impression Analstaltique facsimilie, Bruxelles, 1966. [PDF 17.8 MB]
AND "Opticks", 4th edition, 1730
Dover, New York, 1952. [PDF 20.9 MB, missing diagrams]
Wilmer, C - "Color-Encoded Music Scores: What Visual Communication Can Do for Music Reading",
Leonardo, vol 28, no 2, 1995, pp 129‑136.
"The Book Foole", woodcut from
"Narrenschiff", Sebastian Brant, 1494.
If on this ship I'm number one
For special reasons that was done.
Yes, I'm the first one here you see
Because I like my library.
Of splendid books I own no end.
But few that I can comprehend;
I cherish books of various ages
& keep the flies from off the pages...
Caivano, J L - "Colour and Sound: Physical and Psychophysical Relations",
Color Research and Application, vol 19, no 2, April 1994, pp 126-32.
Cassidy, D M - "Arthur Dove's Musical Paintings of the Jazz Age",
American Art Journal, vol 20, no 1, 1988, pp 4-23.
"Colour and Music",
"The New Oxford Companion to Music", vol 1, ed D Arnold,
Oxford University Press, 1983, pp 424‑432.
Darrigol. O - "The Analogy between Light and Sound in the History of Optics from the Ancient Greeks to Isaac Newton", Parts 1 & 2,
Centaurus, May 2010. vol 52, issue 2, pp 117‑155 & Aug 2010, vol 52, issue 3, pp 206‑257.
Eddy, A J - "Cubists and Post-Impressionism",
A C McClurg & Co. Chicago, 1914 (2nd ed. 1919),
Ch VIII, “Color Music”, pp 140-6 [PDF 21.5 MB]
Gage, J - "Colour and Culture: Practice and Meaning from Antiquity to Abstraction",
Ch 13, "The Sound of Colour",
Thames & Hudson, London, 1995.
"Colour and Meaning: Art, Science and Symbolism",
Ch 9, "Newton and Painting",
Thames & Hudson, London, 1999
Gombrich, E H - "The Essential Gombrich: Selected Writings on Art and Culture",
incl "The Use of Colour and Its Effect" , interview with Bridget Riley, 1992,
Phaidon Press, London, 1996, p 161.
Glover, S A - "Scheme for Rendering Psalmody Congregational",
Jarrold & Sons, Norwich, 1835.
Southcott, J - "Glover's Intellectual Odyssey",
Proceedings of the AMEL 17th National Conference,
Australian Association for Research in Music Education, 1995, pp 83-90
Rogers, G L - "Effect of Color-Coded Notation on Music Achievement of Elementary Instrumental Students",
Journal of Research in Music Education, vol 39, no 1, Spring 1991, pp 64-73
"Effect of Colored Rhythmic Notation on Music-Reading Skills of Elementary Students",
Journal of Research in Music Education, vol 44, no 1, Spring 1996, pp 15-25.
Sargent Florence, M - Patent GB212316,"Improvements relating to indicators applicable to the teaching of music or the selection and combining of colours", 1924
Ronald Pellegrino - video and music composer [videos]
Pellegrino, R - "Cymatic Music: Towards a Metatheory of Harmonic Phenomena: My Interactive Compositions and Environments",
Leonardo, vol 16, no 2, Spring 1983, pp 120‑123.
"The electronic arts of sound and light",
Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY, 1983.
"The Ecstasy of St Cecilia" (detail),
Raphael Urbino, 1514.
Bishop, B - "A Souvenir Of the Color Organ, with some suggestions in regard to the Soul of the Rainbow and the Harmony of Light", [PDF 534 kB]
De Vinne Press, New Russia, NY,1893
AND US patent 0186298, "Improvement in attachments for key-board musical instruments", 1877 [PDF 245 kB]
McDowell, K - "Colour Music",
Sea, Land and Air, vol 2, no 19, Oct 1919, pp 417-22.
McFarlaine, J - "'Colour in Art' and Alexander Hector's Electric Colour Music Organ",
Art & Australia, vol 40, no 2, 2002, pp 292-7
Wierzbicki, J - "Shedding light on the 'colour music' of Sydney's Alexander B. Hector",
Musicology Australia 34 no 1, July 2012, pp 81-99 [PDF 291 kB]
AUSTRALIAN PATENTS [click Application no. then Specification]
AU1912003713: "Improvements in and relating to apparatus for the production of color music", 1912 [PDF 827 kB]
AU1916001299 & AU1916001936: "Improvements in and relating to apparatus for the production of colour music...", 1916 [PDFs 250 kB & 287 kB]
& AU1916001412: "Improvements in and relating to apparatus for the production of 'colour music'...", 1916 [PDF 287 kB]
AU1926002810: "Improvements in producing colour music and other spectacular luminous effects", 1926 [PDF 623 kB]
AU1937004075: "Improvements relating to colour effects", 1937 [PDF 336 kB]
Espacenet - European Patent Office [search terms: Alexander Burnett Hector &/or patent number] -
Patent GB191229615A: "Improvements in and relating to Apparatus for Producing Music and Illuminated Spectacular Effects", 1913 [PDF 800 kB]
Patents GB107380A & GB107767A: "Improvements in the Production of Colour Music and Apparatus therefor", 1918 [PDFs 376 kB &709 kB]
Patent GB109263A: "Improvements in and relating to the Production of Colour Music and Apparatus therefor", 1918 [PDF 404 kB]
Patent GB274468A: "Improvements in the Production of Colour Music and other Spectacular Luminous Effects", 1928 [PDF 1.3 MB]
Patent FR485860A & FR485928A: "Perfectionnements à la production de musique représentée sous forme de couleurs...", 1917 [French PDFs 328 kB & 508 kB]
Patent FR486612A: "Perfectionnements à la production de musique avec effets lumineux...", 1918 [French PDF 545 kB]
Patent FR637722A: "Perfectionnements dans les procédés de production de musique colorée...", 1928 [French PDF 1.3 MB]
Patent DE540306C: "Vorrichtung zum Hervorrufen musikalischer Farbeneffekte...", 1931 [German PDF 434 kB]
AMERICAN PATENTS [search terms: patent number] - US patent 1388706: "Apparatus for Producing Color-Music", 1921 [PDF 908 kB] US patent 1432552: "Production of Color Music and other Luminous Effects and Apparatus therefor", 1922 [PDF 540 kB] US patent 1432553: "Production of Color Music and other Luminous Effects and Apparatus therefor", 1922 [PDF 1.5 MB] US patent 1728860: "Producing Color Music and other Spectacular Luminous Effects", 1929 [PDF 528 kB] US patent 1783789: "Apparatus for Producing Color Music or other Spectacular Luminous Effects", 1930 [PDF 528 kB]
Donguy, J - "Machine Head: Raoul Hausmann and the Optophone",
Leonardo, vol 34 no 3, 2001, pp 217-220.
Wilfred, T - "Light and the Artist",
The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, vol 5 no 4, June 1947, pp 247-255
"Composing in the Art of Lumia",
The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, vol 7 no 2, Dec 1948, pp 79-93.
Watts Hughes, M - Voice-Figures,
The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, vol 42, May-Oct 1891, pp 37-44
"Voice Figures, with Illustrations"
Proceedings of the Musical Association, 13th session, 1886-7, pp 133-44.
Mermaid musician, early 14th century,
Palais de Justice, Beauvais.
Dworak, P E - "Color Harmonies and Color Spaces Used by Olivier Messiaen in Couleurs de la cité céleste",
College of Music, University of North Texas.
Flynn, E N - "Liberation of the Senses: An Exploration of Sound-Color Synesthesia in the Music of Alexander Scriabin and Olivier Messiaen" [PDF 2.9 MB]
Galeyev, B M - "The Problem of Synaesthesia in the Arts",
Languages of Design 1, 1993, pp 201‑203
"Evolution of Gravitational Synesthesia in Music: To Color and Light!"
Leonardo, vol 36, no 2, 2003, pp 129‑134.
Zilczer, J - "Synaesthesia and Popular Culture: Arthur Dove, George Gershwin, and the 'Rhapsody in Blue'",
Art Journal, vol 44, no 4, Winter 1984, pp 361-366
"'Color Music': Synaesthesia & 19th-Century Sources for Abstract Art",
Artibus et Historiae, vol 8, no 16, 1987, pp 01-126.
"The Angel of the Annunciation" (detail),
Fra Angelico, c1450.
...Now I could see
No chance had brought me to this library.
I spied the back and edges of a folio
Aglow with all the colours of the rainbow,
In hand-painted title stating a decree:
'The interrelationships of hues and sound:
Proof that for every colour may be found
In music a proper corresponding key.'
Choirs of colors sparkled before my eyes
And now I was beginning to surmise:
Here was the library of Paradise.
"And being now at some pause, looking back into that I have passed through, this writing seemeth to me, as far as a man can judge of his own work, not much better than that noise or sound which musicians make while they are in tuning their instruments, which is nothing pleasant to hear, but yet is a cause why the music is sweeter afterwards. So have I been content to tune the instruments of the Muses, that they may play that have better hands."
Francis Bacon, Of the proficience and aduancement of Learning, divine and humane, 1605.